Posts Tagged ‘shooting’





At UTKM’s Tactical Shotgun Course, I’m the one in green.

Until I started doing Krav Maga, I never imagined I would buy and have my own firearms. I mean, I live in the city. I can’t really use it for self-defense as it is not stored at my house. I don’t hunt. I rarely go hiking deep enough in the wilderness to carry a gun for protection against animals, such as bears. Let’s not forget the legality issues of owning firearms in Canada.

Before joining Urban Tactics Krav Maga, I have had a small amount of shooting experience with various firearms. I have shot rifles at my friends’ and family’s farms, handguns at a range on a couple of occasions, and even an under and over shotgun. Through UTKM, I have gained my CFSC and undertook Level 1, 2, and 3 of their Tactical Shotgun Courses. Then, I surprised myself by considering to purchase my first firearm. What am I going to do with a gun?

Two reasons why I chose the shotgun

superb-high-definition-desktop-wallpapers-of-shotgun#1 Simplicity. Doesn’t everyone like simplicity? As far as I can tell, the shotgun is the simplest firearm, and that’s right down my alley. How simple, you ask? Well, mechanically it is pretty basic, and therefore less likely to jam or break. It is also simple to shoot: you point the dangerous end towards what you want to hit and squeeze the trigger. Pump the action, and repeat. Simple, right? I know, I know. I am ignoring plenty of important elements here, but you see what I am saying.

#2 It suits me. Shotguns fit my personality. Handguns are sexy, close-range weapons. Not my style. Rifles are high precision shooting machines. Me and precision? Not even close acquaintances. Shotguns are… simple. Just like a basic digital camera. You point and shoot.

Wait a second… Isn’t reason two basically the same as reason one? Yup. So… I bought a shotgun.

Tips for first time firearm buyers

First things first. Try out the gun you want, or something very similar, first before you make a decision. It sounds like common sense, but guess what? Common sense is not so common. If you want to buy a gun for the first time, like a sleek and sexy Glock 17, don’t go and shoot with a side-by-side shotgun. They are worlds apart! Some shooting ranges have firearms that you can “rent,” even if you don’t have your CFSC. Take my advice, go find the gun you like and give it a shot.

Second things second. Start with a non-restricted firearm, before stepping up to a restricted one. Say you want to buy a handgun. You have your CRFSC and your cash. Ready? Not quite. You need a permit to transport, which you will definitely be asked to present when you try to get that restricted firearm. Do you want to get flagged by the RCMP? Go right ahead and buy a restricted firearm first time around. If not, purchase a non-restricted firearm first and learn to use that, and then move on to the restricted firearms.

So why do I need a gun?

Josh HensmanI don’t. BUT, I feel much more comfortable knowing how a shotgun operates, and being able to continually get more familiar with a shotgun. My shotgun! I know how to ensure the safety is engaged and how to eject the rounds. I am happier knowing that if I ever end up in a situation in which I have to disarm someone with a shotgun, I will be confident. Thus, my answer is I don’t need a firearm. I want one. And now, I have one.



Ryan Steacy is a movie Armourer and is a 21 year BCR reservist in the Canadian armed forces. He is also a firearms expert and marksmen and is the co-founder of BC’s own Action Rifle League . In his past life he also taught Defendo for many years and dabbled in MMA and kick boxing. He even once went to help protect ships from Somali pirates as a private military contractor. Ryan is an all round interesting guy and is a good friend of our own Borhan Jiang.


A student of mine, Geoff, asked me “I am doing a one month long canoeing trip up in the Yukon, and I would like to get a bear defense gun. What would you suggest?“. Truth be told, I have no clue what kind of firearm or caliber of ammo is appropriate for bear defense. The only firearm related to a bear defense course that I have taken is my Wildness Survival course with the Canadian army, and all we use is Bird Shot. In general, the instructor told us the bears in this region are pretty well fed so you should be fine. We were issued a Reignmonton 870 shotgun with four rounds of bird shot and we were out in the wild for four days on our own.

I have to confess that I am slightly afraid of bears after seeing these great creatures in sanctuary, the zoo and the wild. I have also heard many stories about bears from seasonal hunters, park rangers, and army buddies, and I hope I will never run into a bear in the wild in this lifetime. Based upon my research, it might be better to use bear spray instead firearms to protect yourself in the wild. Overall, bear spray is still a better choice for people who do not wish to devote themselves to be proficient with firearms. A person without good training with a firearm can be more dangerous to others and him or herself in a fight or flight situation. The advantage of bear spray is it works, and the disadvantage of bear spray is it can be affected by the wind and therefore works both ways. According to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service research, almost 50 % of people using guns suffered injuries. However, a trustworthy firearm might give people an additional tool when they are in the wild especially dealing with persistent bears which think you are a meal.


Bears are smart, fast, and powerful. It is the top predator on earth. Bears are omnivorous but they still prefer a meat diet on most occasions and its prey such as moose are often much larger than humans. In North America, there are four species of bears:  Black bear, grizzly bear, brown bear and polar bear.


A black bear on average weighs 300 pounds, and lives close to humans. The number of black bear attacks on humans is higher than other bears – due to its close range with humans.


A grizzly bear on average weighs 700 pounds, lives far away from humans, generally avoids humans, but once provoke will be extremely aggressive.


A brown bear on average weighs 1000 pounds, lives far away from humans, and in some cases associate humans with food. Brown bear attacks tend to result in serious injury and in some cases death.


A polar bear on average weighs 900 pounds, lives far away from humans, and it will associate humans as food.

In places like the remote wildness of the Yukon, men are at mercy of great bears if they are not careful, but in most cases bears will not attack unless they feel their young ones and themselves are being threatened. Only on some occasions have bears associated humans as food.


After some online research and consulting some hunting and firearm experts, here is the advice I came up for Geoff:

1. Shotgun – Slug


A 12 gauge shotgun is the most common firearm used by people who work in the wild. The ammo people use against a bear is generally a slug. A slug is basically a big chunk of heavy lead. A shotgun slug has enough kinetic energy to take down any big game that includes bears.


The disadvantage of a shotgun that is not rifle-sighted is that its kinetic energy will decrease significantly beyond 100 yards. A brown bear can run 30 miles per hour which means a bear can run 100 yards in 6 seconds, so you better be able to fire quickly with a shotgun or get a firearm that has better engagement distance than a shotgun with slug. My friend Andrew Clark, a hunter and firearm expert, also suggests adding buckshot in the end of tubular magazine in addition to the slug to increase hit probability; however, buck shot might not have enough penetration power.

The advantage of shotguns is its price. An average shotgun runs from $300- $800 and a box of slugs is cheaper than some rifle ammo. The action on pump guns is very reliable even in the worst environment. You also do not need a special tool to take care of complicated parts on firearms such as a gas regulator. Last but not least, a short shotgun also provide better maneuverability when you are inside your tent; just in case a big fuzzy head decide to sneak in in the middle of night.

 2. Rifle :

The main purpose for my student’s trip is bear defense, not bear hunting. Compared to a shotgun a high caliber rifle seems to be the logical choice. It should be reliable, have a range beyond 100 yards, and be able to project rounds downrange as fast as possible with enough impact to stop a 1000 lb killing machine looking to have a quick meal. So we are looking for either a semi-automatic or lever action type of rifle. This rifle should be able to fit ammo large enough to take down a bear.

Suggested Ammo:

  1. 30-06 ith 180 grain to 220 grain
  2. .300 Magnums-180-220 grain bullets
  3. .300 Winchester Magnum
  4. .270 Winchester
  5. .308 Winchester
  6. .338
  7. .375
  8. 45-70
  9. 454 casull

30-06, .300 Magnum, . 300 …..a shooter needs to be able to place all his or her shots within an 8-inch circle out to 200 yards from a sitting or kneeling position. Anything that is .338s or .375s is more forgivable when comes to shot placement on a bear. Chuck Hawk describes best in his article Firearms for Defense against Bears: “the bullet need to have sufficient caliber (cross sectional area), penetration and deliver sufficient energy to get the job done. It is ideal if the bullet is of the controlled expands on type to maximize shock and tissue destruction, but it must not break-up on heavy bones.” We have to also consider logistics. Many experts all agree that it is best to pick a rifle that uses common rounds. Many of these remote places in the Yukon do not carry a lot of variation of ammo. Luckily, for Geoff’s case weight is not an issue since he is doing a canoeing trip so heavier rifles are also part of the consideration.

 Rifle Choice:  

Semi- Automatic: The advantage of a semi-automatic rifle for bear defense is that it is able to project rounds downrange as fast as possible. However, the delicacy of a semi-automatic rifle might not be suitable for long travel in the wildness. After all, more parts mean more chance that something will break.

Browning BAR series


Anything made by Browning is a good choice. After all, the Canadian Army is still using Browning High Power as a standard issue side arm. BAR uses .30-06, 300 Win Mag, 270 Win

Benili R1 Big game rifle series


Benili R1 is Benili’s new line of semi- automatic hunting rifle. R1 runs 30-06 Springfield, .300 Win Mag, .338 Win Mag.

Lever action rifle : Marlin – Model 336C , Classical Model 1895, XLR. Browning – BLR, Henry – 45- 70. Lever action rifle has strong recoil but has fewer pieces inside compared to a semi-automatic rifle. In some way it is more reliable. The shooter has to really train to shoot a lever action rifle to compensate for the recoil and muzzle movement.


The disadvantage of using a rifle dealing with bear attacks is that if you shot a Alaska Brown bear that is charging at you from 300 yards you might be out of luck explaining that to a Conservation Officer. Very much like self defense against humans, you are not allowed to shoot someone out of distance because you feel threatened.



when chose handgun against bear ! be Dirty Harry

Handgun is a really good choice for people who travel in the wild. Handguns are easy to carry and can be readily used if needed. Calibers such as.357 Magnum bullet and .44 Magnum is sufficient enough to deal with bears. Sadly in Canada, it is hard to obtain an open carry permit for handguns. People can still obtain it if one can prove that one works in the field frequently, for example, a geologist.

Shooting Skill:

Regardless of the type of firearms you are going to get, you should be able to place a well aimed shot with the first shot and the rest of the shots should immediately follow. You need to have nerves of steel facing a charging bear and strong enough to control the recoil of the rifle and muzzle. Immediate action such as reloading or changing the weapon should always be conducted after you empty the magazine.

We Canadians love our wildness. We take every chance we can get to immerse ourselves in the wild but we should not forget to be humble in front of Mother Nature. Once we step in the woods, we are part of the food chain and are no longer the top predator without our tools.


  3. Andrew Clark, firearm expert & hunter

Why do we fall? So we can learn to pick ourselves up again. This is one of the better quotes from the Dark Knight Batman movies starring Christian Bale. This not only applies to life, but it also applies extremely well to the military and, of course, Krav Maga. In Krav Maga, if you fall you want to get up as quickly as possibly because we do not like the ground. However, sometimes in life we fall and the best thing to do is laugh about it and find a solution to improve the situation.

Recently we went out to teach one of our tactical shotgun courses. Unfortunately, due to the gun culture in Canada and the attitude of local ranges we have yet to create a partnership with any of them. However, so long as you are using non-restricted firearms, according to Canadian law, you can go out and shoot anywhere in the wilderness that is designated Crown Land (Federal Government). As such, we have our favourite spot to teach. This spot however, is a long drive into the middle of nowhere and really requires a suitable off-road vehicle. Luckily for us, Borhan has a Honda C-RV, albeit an old one but still reasonably capable off-road.

Normally when we do the course at least one other person has an off-road vehicle, however this time what we got was a Mini cooper and an older Toyota Corolla. We only had room for one extra person in the C-RV due to all the equipment, and the rest packed into the Corolla to make the slow trip (for them) up the dirt road filled with potholes and rocks.

I, Borhan, and a student led the way barreling across the road to get to our favourite spot before anyone else took it. Borhan enjoys off-roading as he was trained by the Canadian military to do so. Off-roading is where he can be free to drive without worry of hitting another vehicle or be hit by one…again. Due to the fact that the tires were worn, and the C-RV is old, Borhan decided to play it safe and stick to the side of the road with less potholes. However, what is off-roading without a little speed.

There we were, driving and minding our own business, when suddenly a vicious rock decided to jump in front of the car. “Good thing the army taught me how to drive off-road” he said, but before the period could be placed in the sentence the attack rock made its move. WIth a loud thunk and some poor timing, the next thing we know we are smack in the middle of a ditch in 2 feet of mud. Oh the irony, it’s a good thing the army taught him how to drive! The comic timing was far too perfect, something like the Kodak moments of the 90s that we only wish we could have had on film, lest no one believe us that he actually said it 2 seconds before we were attacked and pushed into the ditch by the devious rock!

At this point we were tilted at an angle in the ditch. Carefully I opened the door, getting out only to sink in the 2 foot deep mud puddle. Making it back to the safety of the road I managed to take this picture of Borhan getting out of the vehicle before Borhan got his revenge on the rock and threw it into the woods.

A man A car A ditch

We had to wait about 10 minutes for the overloaded off-roading Corolla to show up with help to see if we could come up with solutions. Those in the Corolla looked at the vehicle ominously. However, I had seen enough IDF Hummers stuck in sand and ditches to know when a stranded vehicle could be pulled out to safety. My original thought was to use all 6 of us to pull the car out but alas, we had no ropes. Although I suspect even if we did have ropes nobody would have wanted to. I know we could have, as I remember a time in the army when a car had parked in front of our bus. About 7 of us got out and physically lifted the car out of the way. But, being the only one with this experience the others were doubtful.

Then it was suggested we find someone with a truck to pull us out. This area is full of rednecks and trucks so we knew it wouldn’t be too hard. The off-roading Toyota which was faring far better than the Honda in the ditch left on its mission. In the meantime about 3 SUVs passed us without a care in the world. How times have changed.

We began to unload the car to make it easier to deal with when help finally came. As well, we began to find lumber and branches to create a ramp under the right front tire to give it some traction in the mud. Though we did not have rope we took a small bungee cord and lashed together the logs into our small makeshift bridge.

Eventually the Corolla came back with a friend. An old green and grey Ford F250 showed up. The door opened and out stepped an older, bearded, toothless man that looked like he was fresh out of the show Duck Dynasty. The man (of which I never did get his name) handed us two small crane rigging lengths with some shackles. We hooked it up to the frame in the front and got ready. Borhan started the engine only to have it stall; I guess the car didn’t like being in the ditch after all. He popped it into neutral and told the old man to give it some gas. It must have been my light-hearted spirit that gave the car some lift because it literally took 5 seconds to pull the car out. Disaster averted. Checking the car for damage, of which there was none, we loaded up the vehicle, thanked the old man, and headed out to start our now somewhat delayed course.

The Rigging

photo 1

photo 3

In the end this potential disaster turned out to be quite the fun adventure, and not only that it allowed us to bond. Group problem solving can often bring people together, at least when there is success. This really made me feel like I was back in the army. After this near-death rock attack that only slowed us a little, we set up for the course. The course itself ran quite well except for the fact that the delay allowed someone to take our favorite spot, but that’s ok, it could have been worse.

So, why do we fall? Or in this case, crash into a ditch. So that we can pick ourselves up again. Every bad situation has a silver lining. In this case we were fairly lucky, but I am confident that even if things had been worse we still would have had a wonderful bonding experience. Life does not always work the way we want it to, but as long as we keep smiling, find a solution and learn from it, everything works out for the better.

No we are not hunting rabbit.

No we are not hunting rabbit.

Written By: Jonathan Fader

Edited By: Warren Chow

Vancouver Shooting

Vancouver is an international city known for its beautiful scenery and international cuisine. But violent? I remember when I was in the IDF and the Vancouver Canucks Riot happened. I showed the iconic picture of the burning cars to my Israeli-born friends. They could not believe that it was Vancouver; they thought it was another a West Bank riot. This is not abnormal. Internationally Vancouver, or Canada, is seen as peaceful, with no crime and no violence. After all, it’s Canada right?

The reality for anyone who actually lives in Canada knows this is not true. Perhaps it’s no Iraq or Somalia, but for the people living here, at least to our standards, a single stabbing or shooting can be quite shocking.

Recently it seems that mass shootings or stabbings seem to be on the rise in North America. This could be true, or it could just be that the media has really been paying attention to them due to lack of other subjects to report.

To me, being a realist, I know these kinds of things happen all the time, in all cities, to all people, at all times. My question to you is, if you were at school, at work, or just walking down the street, would you;

a. know what to do?
b. if you know what to do, would you know how you would act?

Recently a shooting occurred in a nice area of downtown Vancouver which led to a police chase and a shootout outside a local attraction known as Science World.

For more information about the shooting please see this article:

The shooter, who was clearly disturbed, has been charged with 6 counts of attempted murder.

While I could have picked many of the other shootings or stabbings to discuss, this one was selected as I was fortunate enough to be forwarded an email by one of my students regarding someone he knew who happened to be working at Science World during this time.

One of the great advantages of modern technology is that we can be in contact with everyone at all times (so long as we are in a service area). As such, here is a look at some of those emails that have been obtained with permission of all parties.

NOTE: Some content has been modified to protect the identity of individuals and their companies

Email 1:

“We’ve been under lockdown for about 1.5 hours as there was a shooting in Yaletown, then the 2 bad guys ran to Science World. Window of Whitespot shot out, as well as back window of police car on Science World deck.

One suspect shot, and policeman I hear was shot with minor wounds.

Told to stay away from windows.

Everything OK. No sense of danger on 3rd floor where I am. It’s amazing how news comes so fast on social media.”

The tone of this email seems fairly calm and collected. “no sense of danger”. This is a good example of “out of sight, out of mind”. The individual is relaxed enough to send out emails in a calm manner letting others know he is ok. If there actually was a sense of danger, would the tone be different? Would he be panicking? Would there even be an email?

Email 2:

– Still 3 police cars in front of Science World. The side of deck where shooting occurred is still behind yellow police tape;
– The White Spot glass door has been replaced, but the broken glass not cleaned up yet;
– The water table exhibit on the deck beside White Spot has a numbered chalk circle, which I assume is a bullet hole, as I know it was damaged during the shooting”

Email 3:

“On 3rd floor we never felt in danger, although it was kinda scary when S. rushed in at 11 AM to say there’s a shooter and to stay away from windows (I’m not sure if she said the shooter was on the roof).

Just talked to V., who was outside cleaning windows … . He said he 1st of all he heard maybe 5 scattered shots, then brrrr brrr (which would be the police firing back on automatic). I always thought police fired single shots, but I guess once they started exchanging fire with the bad buy they turned weapons onto automatic. V. took cover on the Green Roof, where RBC was holding a function. He was right outside my window about 5 minutes before S told us about shooter.

SW is still behind yellow tape as it is a crime scene, and lots of police there this morning when I arrived at work. We are only allowed to enter the building through the main entrance. Both sides of the sidewalk leading to main entrance (i.e. KSSP Park and parking side, where Whitespot is) are off limits. Guess we won’t have attendance today being a crime scene, even if they take down the yellow tape.”

This email was to another person the morning after. The one thing that I find interesting about this is about the assumption of automatic weapons fire. In Canada, automatic weapons are prohibited, meaning you are more or less not allowed to have them (except for military). The standard issue handguns of local law enforcement would not have automatic fire. I find it interesting, that of no fault of the emailer, that they do not know firearms laws or enough about firearms to know that it could not have been automatic fire from the police. It is quite common in Canada or even the US for the average person to be misinformed about firearms. Why is this an issue for me? Our philosophy when it comes to firearms is safety through education. You may see this come out as you read some of the questions I asked when I interviewed the person who sent the emails. I will also explain why I asked the questions and why they are important.

An interview with the emailer:

How fast after being told there was a shooting outside was a lockdown initiated? I think within 5 minutes, I didn’t hear the shooting becuz I’m on 3rd floor, but someone ran up around 11 AM and told us to stay away from windows since there was a shooter.

5 minutes is a long time for a lockdown to kick in, a lot can happen in five minutes. If your company or school takes this long do you think you are prepared?

Who initiated the lock down? Science world or the police? Initially Science World, then I hung around away from the windows until 3 PM when the police asked us to meet them downstairs.

If 5 min is a long time, then 4 hours is even longer for an official police lockdown. A common belief is that law enforcement will come rushing in to take control of the entire scene. This is a fallacy. It depends how many officers are on duty and what the situation is. In this case all officers who were there immediately were far too busy (being shot at) to deal with civilians. In major emergencies. for example. it’s quite reasonable to assume you may be on your own from 48 hours to even two weeks. So the same would apply for a shooter. If it is reasonable to prepare food and water for an earthquake is it not also reasonable to get training in the event you are face-to-face with a violent individual?

Have you ever received in house training regarding what to do in a lock down? No, just the regular evacuation drills.

This may seem shocking, but for someone like me who has spent several years in Occupational Health and Safety it is quite normal. In North America the idea of practicing lockdown procedures is quite foreign. It’s hard enough to get companies to do their yearly fire drill let alone a procedure that they may never need to use. Such procedures and practices are quite complicated to set up and regularly practice. As such, companies often only do them as minimally required.

Do you know what to do if the shooter came inside? No, but I would’ve locked myself in office. Afterwards I thought of the recent Moncton RCMP shootings, or many years ago when Viet Cong penetrated the US Embassy in Saigon.

While locking yourself in a room is certainly a good first step as most plans would start with this, as it puts a barrier between you and the shooter, it is not infallible. One thing I learned as a sniper is that you must always have an exit strategy. Putting yourself in the rabbit hole only works if you see the other side. Remember, bullets can go through walls and doors and “bullet resistant” is a relative term.

If the shooter made it close to you, do you think you would know what to do? Definitely not. I’m sure I would freeze mentally even if I had gun training.

This is the answer I expected. Most civilians would not know what to do, and even if they did in theory they do not have enough practice to react without panic. Even some law enforcement occasionally freeze up as they did not receive enough training (Usually due to budget restraints.)

How was the emotion levels in the room where you were for lockdown? 100% calm. We were actually in the IT room following the police officers on security cameras installed outside Science World. Everyone following on their smart phones on Twitter, Global TV sites etc. Being on 3rd floor, we felt safe, although thinking back I don’t think the elevators were shut down so if the shooter entered Science World he could’ve come upstairs.

This was a very fortunate situation. They were far enough upstairs that they felt detached from the danger, however, as it was pointed out there were ways to access the floor. Consider a Die Hard type situation. Buildings can quite easily be taken over by gunmen. Even though it’s something we think about it is something that could happen in a matter of minutes.

Did you have faith in the police ability to stop the shooters? Yes. Although even when social media reported the shooter had been captured, we still heard that there might be a 2nd shooter.

Could you say the same thing in your police force?

How did social media affect your thoughts considering you were in the middle of the situation? Actually kept us calmer, as internally there were no announcements over PA system updating us as the staff were too busy dealing with public and police.

This is actually another reason to like social media. The number one worst thing that can happen is mass panic. Once that happens even the smartest person in the room can make incorrect decisions (AKA the Vancouver Riots).

How accurate were the reports based on your first hand experience? Aside from mentioning a woman (either being shot or one of the shooters) and 2 shooters, reports very accurate.

This is fortunate for us in Canada, but other countries may have media that is manipulated to far greater amounts than here. (I advise you not to watch CNN)

How much do you know about firearms?
Nothing, and I have no wish to being a Canadian who is glad I am not living in gun crazy USA.

I would consider this a fairly standard Canadian reaction. I, who am a gun supporter and owner though, would rather see people educated on guns even if they have no interest in owning or using them.

If a shooter was disarmed, would you feel comfortable handling their weapon?
Yes, but only to gingerly move the gun to the side being careful not to point at anyone.

As a follow up to above, if you are not trained and managed to get the gun away from your attacker, what then? Are you going to shoot them? Do you even know how? Are you going to empty the magazine and chamber for safety like in the movies? Do you even know how?

Many Krav Maga schools teach gun disarms but negate to educate their students on the proper use of various firearms. To us, this is faulty thinking. From a tactical perspective one must have as much information about any possible situation to come up with the best possible solutions. Guns in the hands of those who do not know how to use them can be dangerous no matter what the intent is. Just see youtube for gun fails….

4th Email:

A quick synopsis from start to finish of the day. The following is what I’ve emailed friends today.

Since I never felt in danger being on the 3rd floor, it was more exciting than scary.
– We simply stayed away from the windows (had to evacuate my office as I have a window) as we were told there might be shooter on the roof. When we were told to move, I moved right away, as ever since 9-11 when there are emergencies I don’t hesitate to evacuate;
– We did not lock ourselves in a room, since we didn’t feel in danger;
– Actually saw the police hunting for shooter(s) as the MIS guy was monitoring the outdoor cameras and could see them with their rifles
– Didn’t know what was going on after the initial order to move away from windows at 11 AM. There were no internal announcements as Customer Service was too busy dealing with the public, so never was sure if I could move around until 3 PM when the police brought us all to lobby to talk.
– So in a real emergency situation, it would be mass confusion, having no idea who is where
– the kids who were at Science World (not as many as usual due to teacher’s strike) were moved to omni theatre and given free pop corn and drinks;
– Police ordered us to leave building at 3:30 PM, through the front door as of course Science World was a crime scene and they wanted to do another sweep of the building
– although I didn’t see it personally, I heard that when searching for the shooter(s), it’s just like the movies where the police search rooms with weapons drawn
– when I left I locked the office doors, but then thought it would make it more difficult for police to do their sweep
– A door at the White Spot at Science World was shattered by a bullet, and replaced quickly this morning
– The police tape stayed up until about 11 AM this morning

In our emailer’s case things turned out fairly well and their perhaps normally boring day at work was quite the eventful one. However, with a slightly different set of circumstances this could have been Vancouver’s Sandy Hook. Science World is a very large complicated building that has children, tourists, families, students and everyone of all ages in it at any given time. It really would not take an individual with any kind of weapon much effort to cause a lot of harm. Picture this..

An individual walks into there with an axe and starts hacking and slashing in a crowd of people.

How long until the group realizes something is wrong? How long until law enforcement is called? How long until they arrive?

It could be 30 seconds for security to arrive or 5-7 minutes for police to arrive.

Are you willing to put your life in question in that time?

I think it’s far more prudent for anyone to take their own personal safety in their own hands and learn even some basic skill that could potentially save their lives one day.

If you learn Krav Maga and all you learn is to be more aware then that is still something. If you learned to always be alert and vigilant and you spotted that axe wielding individual before they became a problem then we did our job.

However, if you are the first intended victim of the attacker you will need far more than keen eyes. In that moment you will know real fear and you will know, if you do in fact know, what to do to ensure that you go home safely. Even if that means just avoiding a fatal blow before help arrives.

Remember, no matter what you think, in that moment, your safety and life will only ever be in YOUR hands, not anyone elses.

Stay alert and stay educated.

Written by: Jonathan Fader

Edited by: Warren Chow


Israeli Combat Pistol is based upon the Instinct shooting method; it can also be called Israeli Point Shooting.  The Instinct shooting method is nothing new; it s origins can even be traced back to the age of bows and arrows. Tactical gurus such as William E. Fairbairn, Eric A. Sykes and Rex Applegate promoted Instinct shooting in their FSA (Fairbairn, Sykes and Applegate) shooting method back in the 1930s and 40s. You can also see the Instinct shooting method in 1944 US Army pistol training videos. Later on, most US Military and Law Enforcement (LE) agencies promoted the use of sight in their pistol training. However, lately Instinct shooting has shown a comeback in the US. Chris Costa demonstrated some form of Instinct shooting in his Magpul training videos.

Israel has always been adapting point / instinct shooting for their LE & MIL personnel (Shakbak, Mossad, IDF….) for years. Part of the reason might be because it is a much cheaper and easier method compared to other methods. It is also very fast to use. Compared to the American shooting method, Instinct shooting is very rough and simple, but rough and simple is what will stick in your mind in the heat of combat. Israeli Point Shooting emphasizes using shooters as a moving platform, which can acquire targets quickly, shootingwith both the strong hand and weak hand, and using the extra hand for other tasks such as protecting VIPs. This course will be conducted with bluegun and airsoft gun. Only in Level02 Israeli combat pistol students will use real firearms. In this course, it is not merely about shooting but learning how to deal with dynamic situations with firearms.

Course will cover:
1. Pistol handling safety
2. Shooting position –  standing, prone, kneeling  & transition from each position.
3. Reload & Tactical Reload
4. stoppage drills
5. movement
6. Israeli quick draw
7. Israeli shuffle
8. Engage multiple targets
9. Engage multiple targets in different range
Cost: $ 150.  Include holster, duty belt, bluegun, airsoft gun & BBs
Borhan Jiang
Borhan Jiang is an active CDN Army reservist and professional Krav Maga, shooting and TASER instructor.
He is also a columnist for Taiwanese & Hong Kong Military publication TARGET and Defense International.
1.Basic Military Qualification (CF )
2.Soldier Qualification (CF )
3.Dp1 Artillery (CF )
4.Dp1 Armor Recce Crewman ( CF )
5.Dp2 Armor Recce Observer ( CF )
6.TASER M26, X26 Operator
( TASER Academy )
7.Less Lethal Weapon Instructor ( TASER Academy )
8.MK 43 Machine Gun Operator ( US Ordnance Industry )
9.MK 43 Machine Gun Armorer ( US Ordnance Industry )
10.Personal Security Detail Operator ( Mulco Training Inc )
11.Firearm Instructor ( Polar Light Training Inc )
12.Israeli Point Shooting Operator ( Extreme Operation Training Inc )

13.Crowd and Riot Control (NATO School)
14.Churchill Armour Car Service Pistol & Shot Gun Training (Churchill Armour Car)
15. G2 Krav Maga instructor ( International Krav Maga Federation )

Written By: Urban Tactics HQ

Our IDF Tactical Rifle Level 01 course is based on rifle drills and tactics from Israeli Defense Forces and Canadian Army.  Course candidates will learn the fundamental drills of rifle shooting and handling. They will use these skills as foundation for small arms combat & defense. Rifle drills of Israel Defense forces are straight forward and simple just like Krav Maga. Under extreme stress, people tend to lose their fine motor control and rely on gross motor control to fight out of dangers. IDF tactical rifle courses teach you how to fight with your rifle not merely just how to shoot your rifles.
Course will cover:
1. Basic Rifle Marksman principles
2. Shooting position –  standing, prone, kneeling  & transition from each position.
3. Reload & Tactical Reload
4. stoppage drills
5. Zeroing ( Method of Adjustment )  – basically teach you how to adjust sight on a rifle. If you don’t know how to do that, your aim will always be OFF
6. Ballistic Affect on Metal Plate and different objects ( 5.56 x 45 mm and 7.62 x 39 mm)
7. engaging numerous targets in different distance.
8. Press check drill
Cost: $ 350.  Include Rifle ( CZ 858 )  &  300  rds 7.62 x 39 mm AMMO
Jonathan Fader
Jonathan Fader was a formal sniper with the 84th infantry brigade of the Israel Defense Forces.
  1. Basic Infantry Training (IDF)
  2. Advanced Infantry Training (IDF )Negev Light Machine Gun Operator (IDF)
  3. M-24 Sniper Weapons System Operator (IDF)
  4. H.S Precision HTR 2000 .338 Sniper Weapons System Operator (IDF)
  5. Infantry Sniper School (School of Sniping and Counter Terrorism (IDF))

Dan and I were freezing in order to take these photos. Sadly ! none of these photos were ever used by my editor.

I personally love this one. It has this really dirty grunt German soldier look.

Funny story ! We weren’t able to find a full set of MARPAT and matching vest in time. However, this misfutrune actually create a very realistic soldier look. After all in real life, everything is either too large or too small or wrong color.

I really think this photo going to make front cover of TARGET. Sadly ! I was wrong again. 🙂

The front entrance of US Ordnance.

Chief inspector doing quality control. He measures every product coming out of the factory. Those metals are the breach block for the 50 cal Machine Gun.

 main body of 50 cal machine gun

This is the magical little device enables Mk 43 barrels fire up to 1000 rounds without over heating.

a gun barrel making machine

Barrels of Mk 43 Machine guns

Packaged MK43 Machine gun ready to ship out.

front end of the 50 cal Machine gun.

inside of US Ordnance factory.

Main body of 50 cal Machine gun

 half process 50 cal body

half process MK43 Machine gun barrel




USOrdnance MK 43

Text & Photos by BorHan Jiang

Edit by Jennifer Kosh

At the 2009 Taipei Aero Defense Show, I was fortune enough to befriend the general manager of US Ordnance, Mr. Steve Hezler. I had made an appointment to visit US Ordnance’s facility inNevada.USOrdnance is a legend within the industry; this company successfully improved the performance of the M60, and also transformed the M60’s role from a GPMG into light weight Squad Support Weapon. Since 1957, many companies and military units have tried to improve the M60’s performance and reduce its weight. In the ’90s, SACO Defense took over the project and by the year 2000 General Dynamic merged SACO Defense and along with it, its M60 project. Nonetheless, General Dynamic had little interests in the M60 project at the time and decided to transfer the project to US Ordnance. Currently US Ordnance’s main product line includes the H2B 50, M60 E4, M60 D Enhanced and M60 Upgrade kit, the M 4 Series and M40A3 Sniper rifle. US Ordnance’s M60 GPMG includes two series; M60E4 GPMG (Naval Code MK43) and M60 D. M60E4 Mod 0 has no pictanny rail nor hand grip but Mod 1 does.

Currently US Ordnance’s main product line includes H2B 50, M60 E4, M60 D Enhanced and M60 Upgrade kit, M 4 Series and M40A3 Sniper rifle. US Ordnance ‘s M60 GPMG include two series; M60E4 GPMG (Naval Code MK43 ) and M60 D.  M60E4 Mod 0 has no pictanny rail nor hand grip but Mod 1 has.

US Ordnance realizes that many countries have a huge quantity of old M60 and have little interest buying new machine guns due to budget. In response to that, US Ordnance supplys M60 upgrade kit which cost 40 % less than a brand new M60 E4 but capable of matching the ability of a brand new gun. US Ordnance’s Small Arms Readiness Evaluation Team with Repair (SARET-R) program always come with their products and go where the front line soldiers are; these location range from Philippine South to Columbia jungle. An additional product value SARET-R brings is the knowledge of proper fixing small arms. In most military, soldiers and even armors were taught in certain way to maintain and repair firearm though generation of experience instead proper mechanical and armor training. Sadly, many these methods were wrong and can damage the weapons.

During my visit, Mr. Hezler mentioned that some factories fromAsiaoffered that they can supply some parts for US Ordnance but US Ordnance had to decline due to their heat treatment standard. This leads to our conversation about what the difference between “Military Specification” and “Military Standard“ is. Many weapon industries advertise that their products are Mil-Spec but what Mil-Spec means is following a government design on specific products. What is more important is Mil-Standard. Military Standard means a specific requirement on materials and product quality for the weapon system regardless of the current market value of the material. Companies without such ties with theUSgovernment can purchase cheaper materials and reduce expensive heat treatment to maintain profit margin according to the market; therefore causing a reduction of the quality.

Mk43 Testing 

I have my fair share of experience dealing with GPMG, having spent some time in Armor Reconnaissance Unit with the Canadian Forces. In the CF, we used C6 GPMG (USmilitary designation: M240 or FN MAG) in various roles including as a platoon support weapon. The C6 is an excellent weapon system but its weight or 11.79 KG and length of 1,263 cm make it almost impossible to shoot it from a standing or kneeling position. While the new Mk43 only weighs 9.53 Kg, and its length of 939.8 cm is even shorter than the M249’s 1,041 cm. Because of that, Mk43’s weight balances very well upon shooter’s upper body.

Shooting in kneeling and standing positions, the MK43 can easily project rounds 100 meters away with great accuracy. While firing short bursts, the MK43 has a lower firing rate compares to FNMAG. This is because the MK43 has larger gas chamber because of that slower action movement. Along with slower action movement, the MK43 hydraulic buffer reduces the recoil to a minimum.

PS: FN MAG firing rate 650 – 1000rds per min, MK 43 is about 500-600rds per min.

Shooting an MK43 from prone position is harder than shooting an M240. My experience while shooting the M240 involves putting my left hand on the buttstock and using the bipod to move muzzle. Because the MK43 is shorter, its bipod is a lot closer to user’s body, it is slightly harder to move the muzzle. However, this is a small price I would willingly pay to have a 7.62 mm Squad Support Weapon. Of all the weapons I have ever cleaned, the MK43 is one of the cleanest after fire and it only requires a little CLP. This is because MK43’s action is a tube instead a metal box like the FNMAG, while the MK43’s action travels with less friction inside the gun itself. A few drops of CLP on the MK43‘s action will be good enough. This feature makes a life and death difference in desert environments, where too much CLP causes jamming.

Cpl Medrano ( CDN Army ) and I were cleaning our own mess after range.

Above: M240 breach block assembly        Bottom: Mk43 bolt carrier assembly

In today’s battlefield, many soldiers are not satisfied with the penetration power of 5.56 rounds. The M249 SAW shows its disadvantages when it comes to range and buildings. Soldiers are fond of the 7.62 mm GPMG but its weight and design make it impossible to serve the role of a squad support weapon. The MK 43 becomes a perfect match point between the two worlds, having enough fire power as a GPMG but light enough to be carried around like a SAW.